Galápagos Finches on Daphne Major
There are 14 different types of Galápagos Finches in the Galápagos. The small island Daphne Major contains populations of several kinds of these finches:
- Small ground finch (Geospiza fuliginosa)
- Medium ground finch (Geospiza fortis)
- Large ground finch (Geospiza magnirostris)
- Cactus finch (Geospiza scandens)
Most of the finches on Daphne Major are medium ground finches. This investigation of Daphne Major focuses on the population of medium ground finches.
Young medium ground finches (fledglings), are brown in color, with streaks of lighter shades. Adult females are also brown in color, while adult males are a solid black color.
(Photo, Stirwise, Flickr Creative Commons)
(Photo, Kookr, Flickr Creative Commons)
The ground finches have their name because most of their gathering of food (foraging) happens on the ground. The medium ground finches eat small insects and the fruit and seeds of plants, and the fruit and seeds of cactus. The cactus finch gets its food primarily from cactus.
The medium ground finches breed after the first big rains of the wet season. The fledglings grow to adult size within one year.
(Photo, John Jackson)
Properties of Finches
|Leg Size||12.39 - 19.84 mm|
|Beak Size||7.21 - 14.35 mm|
|Wing Size||37.40 - 73.21 mm|
|Weight||6.2 - 19.1 g|
Number of Finches